Endline Survey was aimed to measure progress of shift in beliefs and attitudes of women and men in three eastern conflict-affected regions on gender norms, power relations, gender-based discrimination and violence in comparison with the results of the Baseline Survey in 2018. The results of baseline survey became the evidence base for the regional and local policies, plans and programmes aimed among other at advancing measures to prevent and respond to GBV and domestic violence in Donetsk, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia regions. The data were largely used for development and implementation of community-based events and awareness raising campaigns aimed at building respectful relationships and zero tolerance towards violence.
To allow data comparison it was necessary to reproduce the methodology used in the Baseline Study as accurately as possible. But due to the security and safety requirements caused by the COVID-19 pandemic research methods that involve personal interaction have been replaced by similar digital data collection methods (via phone or online).
The main method of data collection during the Endline Survey was a survey of the population aged 14-70 years using the CATI method – Computer Assisted Telephone Interview. (During the Baseline Survey the interviews were conducted face-to-face).
The sample was multistage stratified with quota method of selection of respondents on the last stage, representative for the population at the age of 14-70 years of Zaporizhzhia oblast, as well as government-controlled areas of Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts. The total sample size was 3000 respondents, 1000 per each region. The main question blocks of the questionnaire, as well as the algorithm for the sample construction and implementation were identical to those used in the Baseline Study.
Following the quantitative data collection, 6 focus group discussions were held with representatives of the target groups: women affected by GBV, including participants of the self-help groups, and youth aged 14-17 years old who participated in information/advocacy activities implemented by UN Women and their partners. Focus group discussions were held online via Zoom.
The comparison of the Baseline and Endline survey results demonstrated a trend of gradual weakening of gender stereotypes, decreasing tolerance towards violence, and less victimization of GBV survivors. The changes in GBV perception among women and young people who participated in various activities initiated by UN Women and their partners were especially evident. It was confirmed by results of FGDs with the respective target groups. At the same time, stereotypical public perceptions of female and male roles in the family and society, beliefs about toleration of violence and victimization of survivors still persist in public opinion.