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Scoping Study Rubizhne: Safe City for Women and Girls


This study was conducted as a part of project “Promoting Community Security and Prevention of Violence in Public Places in Eastern Ukraine”, which is implemented by UN Women in the partnership with ICF “Ukrainian Foundation for Public Health” in Rubizhne of Luhansk Oblast. This project is part of the Safe Cities and Secure Public Spaces global initiative, including the Safe Cities Free from Violence against Women and Girls global program, launched in 2010, and it currently covers more than 40 cities worldwide. These are the first global efforts to develop typical approaches to prevent and respond to sexual violence against women and girls in public places, the impact of which can be assessed.

Scoping study was aimed to analyze the prevalence of sexual harassment and sexual violence against women and girls in public places, factors contributing to sexual violence and harassment, its impact and coping strategies of women and girls. Research results were used for development of a local programme aimed at improving the safety of women and girls in public places.

The scoping study methodology was developed in accordance with the requirements of the guide to conducting surveys in the framework of the Safe Cities Initiative, developed by UN Women. It combined a desk review, qualitative sociological methods and a security audit.

  • The desk review provided an overview of administrative data, the results of available sociological research, local policies, analytical materials and other sources.
  • 21 in-depth interviews with experts (deputies of the city council, heads and specialists of its executive bodies, medical and social institutions, the National Police, representatives of mass media and local NGOs ).
  • 10 focus groups were also held with male and female representatives of the local community (83 respondents in total), including 7 focus groups with women and girls (including IDP women) and 3 focus groups with men and boys.
  •  4 in-depth interviews with women who are limited from free movement in the city due to their disabilities or serious illnesses (i.e. HIV) and may be at higher risk of sexual harassment and other types of violence.
  • Safety audit of territories conducted on 10 routes, which covered more than 80% of public places in Rubizhne area.

The results of the study were presented at a stakeholder meeting on October 8, 2019 in Rubizhne.


Monitoring of the Prisoner Awareness and Behavior as a Component of Second Generation HIV Surveillance


The first integrated bio-behavioural survey (IBBS) was conducted in 2009 combining the survey and HIV testing of target groups. Then, a number of IBBS were held among prisoners in 2011, 2013, and 2017.

The latest study was implemented in the framework of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime project “Penitentiary, Law Enforcement and Drugs Sectors’ Government Efficiency in HIV Response” (HIV-PLEDGE) funded by USAID.

All bio-behavioural surveys were conducted using a common methodology and  similar methods. At the same time, the methodology of the survey was gradually changed and improved. The changes in the formation of the sample were related to the military actions in the East of the country and the annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (the change of survey regions and the number of institutions). Due to the provision of penitentiary institutions (PI) with rapid HIV test kits, they were used during the survey in 2017 (during three previous studies, HIV counselling and testing was conducted using ELISA test). Taking into account the current tasks of the HIV/AIDS Programme and international recommendations on the collection of key indicators, study’s questionnaire has been gradually updated. In order to obtain more qualitative sociological data, the survey in 2017was held using the face-to-face individualinterview as opposed to the previous one, when the self-administeredquestionnaire was predominantly used.

 The research was conducted by the Analytical Center "Socioconsulting" (sociological component) together with the staff of the State Psychoanalytical Service of Ukraine (counseling and testing for HIV infection).


Pilot project " Capacity Development for Quality Assured Gender Sensitive Harm Reduction Interventions in Ukraine" ("Profigender").


The study was conducted with the aim of monitoring and evaluating the first results of the introduction of the "Profigener" project, implemented in 2016 by HIV-service NGOs in selected regions of Ukraine with the support of ICF "Alliance of Public Health".


The main objectives of the study were:
1. To study the specifics of the project implementation process from the point of view of clients and NGO employees with a focus on its positive aspects and possible problems.
2. Evaluate the results of the project with a focus on the changes that have occurred in:
  a. Level of knowledge of clients about HIV / AIDS / STI and viral hepatitis;
  b. Risky behavioral practices of clients;
  c. Practice of testing and receiving medical care by clients;
  d. Customer relationships with their partners;
  e. Level of knowledge and professional skills of employees;
  f. General level of activities of NGOs.
3. To determine further prospects for the development of the "Profigener" project by:
  a. Clarifying the needs of clients in the services provided by NGOs;
  b. Assessing the needs for working with new client groups;
  c. Developing ways to improve other components of the project (for example, how to attract and retain clients, etc.).


In this monitoring sociological study was used the pre-post design, which included collecting and analyzing data on the opinions, attitudes and behavior of clients and employees before the start of the project and at the final stage of its implementation.

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Presentations of results of formative study of gender-oriented programs, projects, interventions and services in the harm reduction


The research focused on the analysis of gender-sensitive approaches in HIV services for female IDUs and their sexual partners, the needs of these target groups, and especially the attitude of NGOs’ staff to the gender aspects of preventive work with IDUs in HIV prevention and harm reduction projects.

In fact, the research became a preparatory stage for the development and implementation of innovative approaches to the provision of HIV/STI prevention services among female IDUs and their sexual partners (pilot projects). This activity was implemented in the framework of the project “Capacity building to implement quality gender-sensitive interventions for Harm Reduction in Ukraine,” supported by the Expertise France 5% Initiative.

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Effective influence tools on the commitment of parents to immunize children under the age of 7 (based on analysis of immunization against polio in Ukraine)


The study was held to examine opinions of parents/guardians on the necessity of child's vaccination, the difficulties in complying with "immunization schedule," including access to a routine vaccination for the families displaced from the military actions zone.

To get a more real empirical base, we used several data collection methods, while the obtained results were triangulated (correlated) with each other:

  1.  Structured interviews with parents.
  2. Semi-structured interviews with health workers.
  3. Focus groups with parents.
  4. In-depth interviews with experts.
  5. Analysis of social networks content.
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Formative research of incentive schemes and design of task-shifting mechanism for health staff in primary and specialized (HIV/AIDS, TB, Narcology - and STI) health care facilities at local level


This study was carried by Analytical Center “Socioconsulting” under the initiative, technical and grant support from USAID "Reform of HIV services in action” in partnership with the State Institution “Center for Public Health at Ministry of Health of Ukraine.”

 Project objectives:

  1. Determine the needs in reorganizing duties of health workers engaged in HIV services and collect information for decision-making in this area.
  2. Study motivators and incentives already in use, or that can be used for health workers in HIV service.
  3. Develop a mechanism of duties redistribution for piloting at the district level as a part of strengthening HR capacity in HIV service.

 The project combined three core components, each of which relates to its goals:

  1. Analysis of workload at selected sites in seven priority regions (objective 1).
  2. Formative research on motivators and incentives of health workers in HIV service (objective 2).
  3. Development and presentation of the schemes of duties redistribution in the provision of HIV services (objective 3).
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The results of evaluation of behavioral interventions for injecting drug users "Seven Steps"


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Analytical report of results of formative study of gender-oriented programs, projects, interventions and services in the harm reduction


The research focused on the analysis of gender-sensitive approaches in HIV services for female IDUs and their sexual partners, the needs of these target groups, and especially the attitude of NGOs’ staff to the gender aspects of preventive work with IDUs in HIV prevention and harm reduction projects.

In fact, the research became a preparatory stage for the development and implementation of innovative approaches to the provision of HIV/STI prevention services among female IDUs and their sexual partners (pilot projects). This activity was implemented in the framework of the project “Capacity building to implement quality gender-sensitive interventions for Harm Reduction in Ukraine,” supported by the Expertise France 5% Initiative.

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Researches conducted within preparation for the eighth periodic report on the implementation of UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in Ukraine


In the process of preparation of the VIII National report of Ukraine to the UN Committee on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women a number of information gaps was revealed. Absence of up-to-date thorough analysis of availability of social services (including shelters) to women survivors of violence is among them, as well as data about organizational and resource capacity of such institutions, their work and its results.

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Life of HIV vulnerable people: IDUs, women of sex business, man practicing sex with man / M. Varban, L. Shulga, I. Demchenko, N. Belonosov: ICF International HIV/AIDS Alliancein Ukraine

.: ICF «International HIV/AIDS Alliancein Ukraine», 2014– 52 p. – ISBN 978-966-137-015-8.


Publication is prepared and published under the project “Building a sustainable system of comprehensive services on HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for MARPs and PLWH in Ukraine” funded by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.

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